### Latest Posts

FPGA Based PWM Signal Generation
Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) signal is used in place of a Digital to Analog Converter (DAC) to simplify the digital-to-analog conversion process. PWM is used when we need to generate analog voltage corresponding to some digital value. PWM is a …
Interfacing Ultrasonic Sensor with FPGA
Ultrasonic sensor is one of the most important sensors which are used for IoT applications. There are plenty of tutorials available in the internet which tells us how to interface an ultrasonic sensor with Arduino and other popular controllers. In …
Seven Segment Display Controller
Almost every FPGA boards are having seven segment display elements. These displays are very useful for displaying data in he form of BCD. Suppose, one design is implemented on FPGA and display of the result is required. Then the result …
LUT Based Numerically Controlled Oscillator
A numerically controlled oscillator (NCO) is used for on-chip generation of major signals like cosine, sine, linear frequency modulated (LFM), Gaussian etc. in system on chips (SoCs). These signals can be generated by two ways, either by analog circuitry or …
Implementation of Logarithm Function
Signal processing algorithms sometimes involve computation of exponential as well as logarithm. Thus it is important to implement both the functions on digital hardware. In our previous tutorials, we have discussed implementation of exponential function. In this work, design of …
Efficient Architecture for Exponential
In the previous post, we have discussed the theory for computation of exponential and discussed about its hardware architecture. In this post, we will discuss an alternative architecture to compute the exponential. If we examine the equations which evaluate the …
Computation of Exponential Function
Signal processing algorithms sometimes involve computation of exponential. Thus it is important to implement the exponential function. In this work, design of digital hardware for exponential function is discussed. Like other elementary functions, exponential function is also computed using the …
FPGA Implementation of 1024-point FFT/IFFT Processor
I. Introduction Fast Fourier transform (FFT), an efficient technique to perform discrete Fourier transform (DFT), is the most important block in the signal processing domain. FFT is used to convert a signal in time domain to its frequency domain. On …
MATLAB Realization of FFT/IFFT w/o Direct Function
Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is an efficient technique to implement Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). FFT is used to observe the frequency domain characteristics of a signal or an image. Similarly Inverse FFT (IFFT) is used to convert a frequency domain …
State Partition Method for State Minimization
State Partition Method for State Minimization is also powerful as the Implication Chart Method and better than Row Equivalence method. In this technique, the states are partitioned into groups based on the possibility that they can be combined. Lets consider …

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